بررسی آگاهی، نگرش و تمایل زعفران کاران به کاربرد تحقیقات زعفران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد. گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی

2 محقق/پژوهشکده علوم و صنایع غذایی

3 دانشیار دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

4 کارشناس ارشد مهندسی اقتصاد کشاورزی، مشهد

10.22077/jsr.2020.2612.1105

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی آگاهی کشاورزان از نقش پژوهش های زعفران در اثرات اقتصادی، اجتماعی و زیست محیطی و نگرش و تمایل آنها نسبت به کاربرد تحقیقات زعفران در خراسان رضوی انجام شده است. ابزار جمع آوری داده ها پرسشنامه است که روایی آن توسط متخصصان و اساتید کشاورزی در حوزه زعفران و پایایی آن با ضریب آلفای کرونباخ و پایایی ترکیبی مورد تایید قرار گرفت. سپس اطلاعات مورد نیاز با تکمیل پرسشنامه توسط 100 زعفرانکار در سال 1397 جمع آوری شد. نتایج مدل ساختاری پژوهش نشان می دهد آگاهی کشاورزان از نقش پژوهش در اثرات اقتصادی، اجتماعی و زیست محیطی بر نگرش آنها نسبت به کاربرد تحقیقات اثر مثبت و معنادار دارد. همچنین متغیرهای آگاهی از نقش پژوهش در اثرات اقتصادی، اجتماعی و زیست محیطی، 22 درصد از تغییرات در متغیر نگرش نسبت به کاربرد تحقیقات زعفران را پیش بینی کردند و متغیرهای نگرش نسبت به کاربرد تحقیقات زعفران، هنجار ذهنی و کنترل رفتاری درک شده، 61 درصد از تغییرات در متغیر تمایل به استفاده از تحقیقات زعفران را پیش بینی کردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


Aghhavani Shajari, M., 2013. Feasibility of corn size increase and improvement of saffron yield through cultural management. Thesis, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Ajzen, I., 1991. Thetheory of planned behaviour. J. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes. 50(2), 179–211.
Akbarpour, A., Khorashadizadeh, A., Shahidi, A., and Ghouchanian, A., 2013. Evaluation of efficiency of models of artificial nervous nets in estimation of saffron yield based on climatic parameters. J. Saffron Res. 1, 27-35. [in Persian with English Summary].
Alizadeh, A., 2007. Effect of summer irrigation on saffron growth and yield. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Arayesh, M.B., 2017. Environmental like analysis of drought and water crisis scenario based on theory of planned behaviour of Ajzen from view of Ilam farmers. J. interdisciplinary studies in human Sci. 9(4), 135-170. [in Persian with English Summary].
Asghari Lafamjani, S., and Izadi, A., 2016. Evaluation of saffron role in occupation of rural families (Case study: Roshtkhar village). J. Saffron Res. 4(2), 210-228. [in Persian with English Summary].
Barati, M., Allahverdipour, H., Moeini, B., Farhadi, N. A., Mahjub, H., and Jalilian, F., 2011. Assertiveness skills training efficiency on college students' persuasive subjective norms against substance abuse. J. Hamedan Univ. Medical Sci. 18(2), 40- 49. [in Persian with English Summary].
Barclay, D., Higgins, C., and Thompson, R., 1995. The Partial Least Squares (PLS) approach to causal modelling: Personal computer adoption and use as an illustration. Tech. Studies, Special Issue on Res. Methodol. 2(2), 285-309.
Behdani, M.A., 2012. Evaluation of saffron science. Saffron Research Group. University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran. 85 pp. [in Persian].
CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council., 2011. Measuring the Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Research: Theory and Applications to CGIAR Research. Independent Science and Partnership Council Secretariat: Rome, Italy.
Coli, A., Bartolini, F., Magrini, A., Pacini, B., and Porciani, L., 2016. Assessing the impact of agricultural research: Data requirements and quality of current statistics in Europe. 7th International Conference on Agricultural Statistics. 26-28 October. Rome.
Davari, A., and Rezazadeh, A., 2013. structural equation Modeling with Smart PLS software. Jihad Daneshgahi Publishers. Tehran, Iran. [in Persian].
Davis, F.D., 1993. User acceptance of information technology: System characteristics, user perceptions and behavioral impacts. Int. J. Man- Machine Studies. 38, 475-487.
Deci, E., and Ryan, R., 2000. The “What” and “Why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. J. Psychological Inq. 11 (4), 227–268.
Emami, H., 2012. Determination of strategies for Iranian saffron market development. M.Sc. Thesis. Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Farahani, H., Javani, K., and Karami dehkordi, A., 2012. Analysis of social- economic sustainability of saffron production and its effect on rural development: Case of village of Bala Velayat. Torbat-e-Heidarieh. J. Space Econ. Rural Devel. 1(2), 95-112. [in Persian with English Summary].
Fishbein, M., and Ajzen, I., 2002. Belief, Attitude, Intention, and behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Folmer, H., 2009. Why sociology is better conditioned to explain economic behaviour than economics? KYKLOS. 62(2), 258-274.
Ghiasi, J., Ahmadi Shadmehri, M.T., and Naji Meidani, A., 2015. Factors affecting on supply and analysis of method of price transfer to the market of Iranian saffron. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Ghorbani, M., Tohidi, A.H., and Alizadeh, P., 2015. Survey on effect of awareness from organic products on willing to use of organic saffron. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Ghorbani, R., Khorramdel, S., Azizi, H., and Asadi, G.A., 2014. Evaluation of integrated management of soil fertilizers and summer irrigation on saffron yield of flower and stigma. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian With English Summary].
Grunwald, H., 2002. Factors affecting faculty adoption and sustained use of instructional technology in traditional classrooms. Retrieved on June 26, 2008 available at: www.sitemaker.umichedu/heidig/files/factors_affecting_faculty_adoption_and_sustain ed_use_of_instructional_te.
Guo, B., Perron, B., and Gillespie, D., 2009. A systematic review of structural equation modelling in social work research. J.Soc.Work. 39(8), 1556–1574.
Gursoy, D., Chi, C.G., and Dyer, P., 2010. Local’s attitudes toward mass and alternative tourism: The case of Sunshine Coast, Australia. J. Travel Res. 49, 381–394.
Hair, J.F., Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C.M., and Mena, J.A., 2012. An assessment of the use of partial least squares structural equation modeling in marketing research.J. Academy of Markt. Sci. 40, 414–433.
Hasanpour, M., Farhangfar, H., Khazimenezhad, H., and Behdani, M.A., 2017. Evaluation of technical knowledge of farmers regarding saffron cultivation (Case study: South Khorasan Province). J. Saffron Res. 5(1), 18-32. [in Persian with English Summary].
Hattam, C.E., Lacombe, D.J., and Holloway, G.J., 2012. Organic certification, export market access and the impacts of policy: Bayesian estimation of avocado smallholder “Times‐to‐Organic Certification” in Michoacán Mexico. J. Agric Econ. 43 (4), 441-457.
Holley, L.C., Risley-Curtiss, C., Stott, T., Jackson, D.R., and Nelson, R., 2007. It’s not scary, empowering women students to become researchers. Affilia. 22(1), 99-115.
Hosseini Ivari, Z., Izadi Darbandi, A., Kafi, M., and Makarian, H., 2015. Survey of possible integration of chemical and non- chemical methods in weeds management of saffron and optimization of herbicides efficiency. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Hosseini, M., Hemmati Kakhki, A., and Karbasi, A.R., 2001. Study of social and economical effects of ten years research on saffron. Research of Research Institute of Food Science & Technology (RIFST), Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Izadi Darbandi, A., and Hosseini Ivari, Z., 2015. Survey of communities structure and weeds flora of saffron farms of Kashmar and Khalilabad. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian With English Summary].
Jaijit, S., Paoprasert, N., and Pichitlamken, J., 2018. Economic and social impact assessment of rice research funding in Thailand using the structural equation modeling technique. Kasetsart J. Social Sci. 1-7.
Jamali, H.R., Asadi, S., and Truth, S., 2011. Evaluating the impact of research in medical sciences: Models and Methods. J. Academy of Medical Sci.  6(13), 53-85.
Jayawardana, J.K.J.P., and Sherief, A.K., 2012. Influence of socio- psychological characteristics in adoption of organic farming practices in coconut based homesteads in humid tropics. COCOS. 19(2), 101–104. DOI: http://Doi.Org/10.4038/Cocos.V19i2.4756.
Khodadad Hosseini, S.H., Noori, A., and Zabihi, M.R., 2013. E-learning acceptance in higher education: application of flow theory, technology acceptance model & e-service quality. Quarterly J. Res. Planning in Higher Edu. 19(1), 111-136. [in Persian with English Summary].
Khorramdel, S., and Latifi, H., 2016. Potential ability of carbon sequestration and potential of global warming of saffron. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Klo ckner, C.A., Nayum, A., and Mehmetoglu, M., 2013. Positive and negative spillover effects from electric car purchase to car use. Transp. Res. 21(Part D), 32–38.
Koocheki, A., 2010. Effects of farm age, corm weight, rates of manure on corm yield and saffron stigma. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Koocheki, A., 2009. Effects of planting data, time of irrigation and cover crop on saffron yield and weed diversity. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Koocheki, A., 2009. Effects of soil texture and plant density on corm character and quantitative yield of saffron flower. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Koocheki, A., 2012. Effects of sources of organic and chemical fertilizers on corm yield and efficiency of nutrients use in saffron. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Koocheki, A., Rezvani Moghaddam, P., and Seyedi, S.M., 2014. Combined cropping of saffron with cucurbit crops in order to reduce climatic warmth. Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Kripanont, N., 2006. Using a technology acceptance model to investigate academic acceptance of internet. J. Business System, Governance and Ethics. 1(2), 13-28.
Kuzehgaran, S., and Moosavi Baigi, M., 2015. Monitoring climate change and effect of extreme climatic parameters on spatiotemporal shifts and saffron yield in future periods. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture. [in Persian].
Lundahl, B.W., 2008. Teaching Research Methodology through Active Learning. J. Teaching in Social Work. 28(1-2), 273-288.
MacCallum, R.C., and Austin, J.T., 2000. Applications of structural equation modeling in psychological research. Ann. Rev. Psychology. 51(1), 201-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.51.1.201
Magrini, A., Bartolini, F., Coli, A., and Pacini, B., 2019. A structural equation model to assess the impact of agricultural research expenditure on multiple dimensions. Qual. Quan. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-019-00855-z.
Matsueda, R.L., and Press, G., 2011. Key Advances in the History of Structural Equation Modeling. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Ministry of Agriculture-Jihad, Khorasan Razavi., 2016. Report Saffron. [in Persian with English Summary].
Mohammadnia Ghalibaf, K., and Koocheki, A., 2017. Survey of non-chemical management of weeds in saffron farm. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture. [in Persian with English Summary].
Mohammadrezazadeh Bazaz, N., 2012. Survey of spatial transfer of price in the market of Iranian saffron. M.Sc. Thesis. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Mokhtari, M., 2016. Meta analysis of saffron research in Iran and world. PhD. Thesis. Faculty of Agricultural Agronomy Department. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Noroozi, S., Najafi, H., Farajollahi, M., and Sarmadi, M.R., 2015. Designing structural equation model of knowledge transfer in agriculture research institute and centers through modern educational technology. J. Agric. Education Admin. Res. 35, 71-81. [in Persian with English Summary].
Nunkoo, R., and Ramkissoon, H., 2011. Structural equation modelling and regression analysis in tourism research. Current Issues in Tourism. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2011. 641947.
Potvin, P., and Hasni, A., 2014. Interest, motivation and attitude towards science and technology at K-12 Levels: A systematic review of 12 years of educational research. Studies in Science Edu. 50(1), 85-129.
Rahman, W., Shah, F.A., and Rasli, A., 2015. Use of structural equation modeling in social science research. J. Asian Soci Sci. 11(4), 371-377.
Report of research project on survey of socio-economic effects of three decades saffron research in Southern Khorasan and Khorasan Razavi., 2019. Joint Research of Research Institute of Food Science & Technology (RIFST), Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad and University of Torbat-e-Heydarieh. [in Persian with English Summary].
Rezvani Moghaddam, P., 2009. Effect of corm density and weight, rates of fungus compost and cultivation arrangement on flower yield and vegetative characters of saffron. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Rezvani Moghaddam, P., 2010. Effects of broadcasting data and rates of straw mulch on saffron yield and yield components. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Rezvani Moghaddam, P., 2010. Survey and comparison of effects of biological and chemical fertilizers on yield and corm size of saffron. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Rezvani Moghaddam, P., Moradi, M., and Khorasani, R., 2015. Effects of fertilizer management on flower and daughter corm yield of saffron. Research Project, Research Deputy of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Rogers, E.M., 1983. Diffusion of Innovations. Free Press, New York, NY. 211 pp.
Sabzian Molaei, K., Ajili, A., and Mohammadzadeh, S., Yazdanpanah, M., Forouzani, M., 2015. Survey of willing and farmers behavior to application of IPM by use of Developed theory of planned behavior. J. Agric. Extension and Edu. 8(2), 57-70. [in Persian with English Summary].
Salehi, S., 2008. A Study of Factors Underpinning Environmental Attitudes and Behaviours, UK, the University of Leeds.
Shahbazi, H., 2013. The economic evaluation of Tran's agricultural research system. PhD. Thesis. Faculty of Agricultural Economics Department. University of Tehran. Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Shahroudi, A.A., Ahmadi, A., and Chizari, M., 2007. Structures affecting on the yield and quality of saffron: Case study of Torbat-e-Heidarieh City.  Iranian J. Agric. Extension and Edu. 3(1), 143-157. [in Persian with English Summary].
Shapouri, A. R., 2013. Place of organic products in the future use basket of families and structures affecting on it. M. Sc. Thesis. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture. Department of Agricultural Economics, Mashhad, Iran. [in Persian with English Summary].
Shiri, N.A, Hashemi, S.M, Mirakzade, A.A, and eShaghi, S.R., 2013. Effective factors on applying soil conservative operations by Elam province farmers. Iranian J. Agric. Econ. Dev. Res. 44(2), 297-308. [in Persian with English Summary].
Smith, R.G., Davis, A., Jordan, N., Atwood, L., Daly, A., Stuart Grandy, A., Hunter, M., Roger T., Koide, R., Mortensen, D., Ewing, P., Kane, D., Li, M., Lou, Y., Snapp, S., Spokas, K., and Yannarell, A., 2014. Structural equation modeling facilitates transdisciplinary research on agriculture and climate change. J. Crop Sci. 54,475–483.
Sobhani Fard, Y., 2016. Basis and application of functional analysis and structure Modeling along with use of softwares LISREL, HLM, SPSS, AMOS, Smart PLS3. 1st edition. University of Imam sadeq press. Tehran. 302 pp. p 258. [in Persian].
Sudarmadi, S., Suzuki, S., Kawada, T., Netti, H., Soemantri, S., and Tugaswati, A., 2001. A survey of perception, knowledge, awareness, and attitude in regard to environmental problems in a sample of two different social groups in Jakarta, Indonesia. Environ. Dev. Sustain. 3, 169-183.
Tavousi, M., Heydarnia, A.R. Montazeri, A., Taremian, F., Akbari, H., and Haeri, A.A., 2009. Distinction between two controls constructs: An application of the theory of planned behavior for substance abuse avoidance in adolescents. Ofogh-E-Danesh. 15(3): 36-44. [in Persian with English Summary].
Taylor, S., and Todd, P., 1995. Understanding information technology usage: A test of competing models. Information Sys. Res. 6(2), 144-176.
Triandis, H.C., 1980.Beliefs, attitudes and values, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE, p.195-295.
Wasilah, S., and Fahmyddin, T., 2018. The advancement of the built environment research through employment of structural equation modeling (SEM). IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environ. Sci. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/126/1/012001.
Weibhuhn, P., Helming, K., and Ferretti, J., 2018. Research impact assessment in agriculture- A review of approaches and impact areas. Res. Eval. 27(1), 36-42.
Wilson, G. A. & Burton, R. J., 2015. ‘Neo-Productivist’agriculture: Spatio-Temporal Versus Structuralist Perspectives. J. Rural Studies. 38, 52-64.
Yadavar, H., Nami, M., and Zarifian, S., 2018. Theory of analysis planned behavior in acceptance of organic agriculture. J. Agric. Sci. Sustain. Production. 28(1), 169-183. [in Persian with English Summary].
Zhang, Z., 2017. Structural equation modeling in the context of clinical research. Ann Transl Med. 5(5), 102.